Golden Rules Of Photography And The Mistakes To Avoid

Of course, anyone can click a photograph with the mobile phone cameras, but DSLR photography is a different arena altogether. There is a rise in the number of people indulging in photography as the technology in this field advances. If you are willing to be as good as a professional photographer, then there are a few rules that you should bear in mind

Visual literacy

It is important to remember that every picture has a meaning and a purpose because you are not just clicking a frame, but rather telling a story with your pictures. You also need to bear in mind that the image you click can influence other people in many different ways. This is the reason that when you are about to click a picture try to think what message the image conveys. This is because visual literacy is all about seeking rather than only looking around. It is you, who gives meaning to the three-dimensional subject that is translated into a two-dimensional image on a photograph, and you need to understand that every picture has its vision. You need to know and pre-visualize the images so that you understand what the result will be. A camera is just a simple tool which helps you to convey your interpretation of the world.

Visual impact and appeal

Proportion, composition, focus, rhythm, balance, and texture are some of the elements in a photograph which affect the visual appeal and impact of the picture. The most important factor among these is the composition and composition can be defined as the proper arrangement of sizes and shapes in the space that they occupy.


Let us see in detail what composition is all about and why it is so important. Take your subject and finalize a proper position of the camera. Instead of simply holding the camera at eye level, try different points of views and angles. Change the height where you are and get lower or higher. Make a mental note of the subject and its surroundings. Make sure that they match correctly and ensure that things like lampposts and trees around the place don’t look like they are hanging from the head of your subject.

Check the frame

The best digital camera photographs result when you have a proper structure. Look through a viewfinder or digital back and select the best frame. Take an in-depth look at the frame and see what is being left out and what can be included to make the picture look better. It is a better idea to include only those elements that you want in the frame rather than cropping the picture later.

Of course, some photographers are naturally gifted, but some have to work hard to be good at this art. As a newbie, you may end up doing things wrong, but this should not discourage you from trying to perfect your art. Now let us look at the common mistakes that photographers make and how to avoid them.

Don’t bring everything in the middle of the frame

The first thing to remember is that you don’t need to include everything you see in the frame. In fact, this is the most common error that most photographers make. Sometimes this may be a good tactic, but not every time. The main problem is that it divides the picture into two halves which can confuse the viewer about which part they should focus on. If your subject is a person, it is better to keep them to the left or right side of the frame. Take a few shots to check which one looks the best; you should not be afraid of experimenting.

Focus on the main subject

Sometimes you may not intend to capture something, and it may end up in your picture. This can shift the focus from the main subject to the other object. As mentioned above this could be a lamppost or a tree branch. Hence it is essential to pay attention to the other objects around the main subject and not focus all your attention on the subject.

The edge of the frame

Sometimes people may look at a photo of a person and ask where his feet are. In some cases, the photographer focuses so much on the face and the upper part of the body that the feet are left out. This is a common mistake in newbies; this usually happens in architecture or landscape photographs. For instance, the photographer may miss the tip of a church spire or the top part of a bush. This can make the pictures look incomplete, and you should ensure that the main subject is included in the frame.

Good camera

If you think that the only thing needed to click photographs is a high quality and expensive camera, then you are mistaken. You need basic training, and this training can be done at a photography school or by becoming an apprentice of a professional photographer. You can also learn the basic techniques of photography by researching online and reading articles and blogs on the subject. Always remember that a good photographer is a key behind every good picture. You need to learn basic composition and a lot of other things that make a difference to how a photograph turns out to be.

Behind your subject

As mentioned above, make sure that no tree branches are growing out of the head of the subject. You should take into consideration all the things that you can see in the frame and try to visualize how they will look in the resultant photo. If you can see some annoying or disturbing things in the frame, then you should change the position of the subject or your location.

If you bear these things in mind, you will end up taking excellent photographs and become adept at this art.

Topping Edmonton’s Photo Charts

Equipment I use for my  images – Nikon D 300/ D 300s Cameras – Nikon 500mm F4 with 1.4 teleconverter – Nikon 300 F4 – Manfrotto Monopod and Manfrotto Tripod with Really Right Stuff ball heads.

I normally shoot in Manual mode.

Nikon camera set to release, center focus, ISO 400, Auto white balance, Continuous High Speed with center point focusing. I always shoot in RAW.